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Information Systems, Picture Archiving and Communication

Definition : Information systems consisting of a communication network, including high-capacity computer-based image storage and retrieval equipment (i.e., picture archiving and communication systems [PACS]); they can acquire, display, store, retrieve, and manipulate images in digital format from several diagnostic imaging modalities, including digital radiography, video cameras, and other imaging devices. These systems consist of image-acquisition devices, a host computer, image-archiving devices, and display stations that are interconnected in a communication network. Each component of the network includes a computer or processor to control image transmission, archiving devices, and networking capabilities. PACS allow digital image transmission to any networked part of the hospital, direct access to stored images, simultaneous access to images for several different physicians (e.g., surgeons and emergency room personnel), and centralized consultation for multimodality comparisons. Dedicated PACS intended for radiology and cardiology applications are available. PACS usually exchange information with medical imaging equipment (such as digital cardiology and radiology imaging) devices following DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine), a standard in the field of medical informatics that ensures interoperability.

Entry Terms : "Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS)" , "PACSs" , "Computers, Image Analysis and Archives"

UMDC code : 17960

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