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Definition : Equipment designed to accelerate particles (typically protons or deuterons) to high energies by combining a strong magnetic field and an oscillating electric field. The path formed is a spiral or a circle. The accelerated particles at the output may be used as a radiotherapy treatment beam on the patient, either directly or after passing a suitable target, but cyclotrons are used more frequently for in situ production of short-term positron-emitting radiopharmaceuticals (radionuclides) used in positron-emission tomography (PET) systems.

UMDC code : 15818

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